Bad Photo Copy
First seen by the public in a televised demonstration in late 1959, the world’s first automatic, plain-paper copier – the 914 – did not become commercially available until the following year, 1960. Manufactured and sold by the Haloid Xerox Corporation using the xerographic process – a dry photocopying technique developed by the inventor Chester Carlson – the 914 revolutionised the document copying industry. Today, photocopying is cheap, accessible and widely used in business, education and public administration.
The creative possibilities inherent in this medium have been explored by artists as diverse as Jean-Michel Basquiat, Helen Chadwick, Keith Haring, David Hockney and Andy Warhol.